Pages

Jumat, 29 April 2011

Jenis batu mulia dan kekerasannya

Gemstone NameSpecific GravityMohs HardnessIndex of RefractionGemstone Family
Achorite3.03 - 3.257.0 - 7.5 Mohs1.610-1.661Tourmaline
Agate2.657.0 Mohs1.530 - 1.550Quartz
Alexandrite3.68 - 3.788.5 Mohs1.746 - 1.755Chrysoberyl
Almandine3.50 - 4.306.5 - 7.5 Mohs1.750 - 1.830Garnet
Almandine Spinel3.58 - 4.068.0 Mohs1.708 - 1.735Spinel
Almandine-Spessartine3.50 - 4.306.5 - 7.5 Mohs1.750 - 1.830Garnet
Amazonite2.55 - 2.766.0 - 6.5 Mohs1.518 - 1.526Feldspar
Amethyst2.657.0 Mohs1.532 - 1.554Quartz
Andradite3.50 - 4.306.5 - 7.5 Mohs1.880 - 1.940Garnet
Aquamarine2.63 - 2.917.5 - 8.0 Mohs1.567-1.590Beryl
Balas Ruby3.58 - 4.068.0 Mohs1.708 - 1.735Spinel
Black Opal1.98 - 2.255.5 - 6.5 Mohs1.440 - 1.460Opal
Bloodstone2.657.0 Mohs1.535 - 1.539Quartz
Brazilian Emerald3.03 - 3.257.0 - 7.5 Mohs1.610 - 1.640Tourmaline
Cairngorm2.657.0 Mohs1.540 - 1.550Quartz
Carnelian2.657.0 Mohs1.530 - 1.550Quartz
Cat's Eye3.68 - 3.788.5 Mohs1.746 - 1.755Chrysoberyl
Chalcedony2.657.0 Mohs1.544 - 1.553Quartz
Chlorspinel3.58 - 4.068.0 Mohs1.712 - 1.717Spinel
Chrome Pyrope3.50 - 4.306.5 - 7.5 Mohs1.730 - 1.760Garnet
Chrysoberyl3.68 - 3.788.5 Mohs1.746 - 1.755Chrysoberyl
Chrysoprase2.657.0 Mohs1.530 - 1.550Quartz
Citrine2.657.0 Mohs1.532 - 1.554Quartz
Color-Change Garnet3.50 - 4.306.5 - 7.5 Mohs1.730 - 1.760Garnet
Demantoid3.50 - 4.306.5 - 7.5 Mohs1.880 - 1.900Garnet
Diamond3.5110 Mohs2.417Diamond
Dravite3.03 - 3.257.0 - 7.5 Mohs1.610-1.661Tourmaline
Emerald2.63 - 2.917.5 - 8.0 Mohs1.560 - 1.605Beryl
Feldspar2.55 - 2.766.0 - 6.5 Mohs1.518 - 1.572Feldspar
Fire Opal1.98 - 2.255.5 - 6.5 Mohs1.430 - 1.460Opal
Garnet3.50 - 4.306.5 - 7.5 Mohs1.730 - 1.760Garnet
Ghanospinel3.58 - 4.068.0 Mohs1.712 - 1.747Spinel
Goshenite2.63 - 2.917.5 - 8.0 Mohs1.570 - 1.600Beryl
Green Quartz2.657.0 Mohs1.540-1.550Quartz
Grossular3.50 - 4.306.5 - 7.5 Mohs1.880 - 1.940Garnet
Heliodore2.63 - 2.917.5 - 8.0 Mohs1.570 - 1.600Beryl
Heliotrope2.657.0 Mohs1.535 - 1.539Quartz
Hessonite3.50 - 4.306.5 - 7.5 Mohs1.730 - 1.760Garnet
Hyacinth4.60 - 4.707.5 Mohs1.777 - 1.987Zircon
Indicolite3.03 - 3.257.0 - 7.5 Mohs1.610 - 1.640Tourmaline
Jade2.90 - 3.106.0 Mohs1.640 - 1.667Jade
Jadeite2.90 - 3.106.0 Mohs1.640 - 1.667Jade
Jargon4.60 - 4.707.5 Mohs1.777 - 1.987Zircon
Jasper2.657.0 Mohs1.540 - 1.550Quartz
Labradorite2.55 - 2.766.0 - 6.5 Mohs1.560 - 1.572Feldspar
Lapis Lazuli2.70 - 2.905.0 - 5.5 Mohs1.500 - 1.550Lapis Lazuli
Malaia3.50 - 4.306.5 - 7.5 Mohs1.880 - 1.940Garnet
Matura Diamond4.60 - 4.707.5 Mohs1.777 - 1.987Zircon
Moonstone2.55 - 2.766.0 - 6.5 Mohs1.518 - 1.526Feldspar
Morganite2.63 - 2.917.5 - 8.0 Mohs1.585 - 1.594Beryl
Morion2.657.0 Mohs1.540 - 1.550Quartz
Nephrite2.90 - 3.106.0 Mohs1.600 - 1.641Jade
Onyx2.657.0 Mohs1.531 - 1.539Quartz
Opal1.98 - 2.255.5 - 6.5 Mohs1.440 - 1.460Opal
Orthoclase2.55 - 2.766.0 - 6.5 Mohs1.518 - 1.526Feldspar
Peridot3.22 - 3.457.0 Mohs1.635 - 1.690Peridot
Peristerite2.55 - 2.766.0 - 6.5 Mohs1.560 - 1.572Feldspar
Praziolite2.657.0 Mohs1.540 - 1.550Quartz
Pyrope3.50 - 4.306.5 - 7.5 Mohs1.730 - 1.760Garnet
Pyrope-Almandine3.50 - 4.306.5 - 7.5 Mohs1.730 - 1.760Garnet
Pyrope-Spessartine3.50 - 4.306.5 - 7.5 Mohs1.730 - 1.760Garnet
Quartz2.657.0 Mohs1.544 - 1.553Quartz
Red Beryl2.63 - 2.917.5 - 8.0 Mohs1.570 - 1.598Beryl
Rhodolite3.50 - 4.306.5 - 7.5 Mohs1.740 - 1.770Garnet
Rock Crystal2.657.0 Mohs2.000Quartz
Rose Quartz2.657.0 Mohs1.540 - 1.550Quartz
Rubellite3.03 - 3.257.0 - 7.5 Mohs1.610 - 1.640Tourmaline
Rubicelle3.58 - 4.068.0 Mohs1.712 - 1.717Spinel
Ruby3.96 - 4.059.0 Mohs1.757 - 1.779Corundum
Sapphire3.96 - 4.059.0 Mohs1.757 - 1.779Corundum
Sapphire Spinel3.58 - 4.068.0 Mohs1.712 - 1.747Spinel
Siberite3.03 - 3.257.0 - 7.5 Mohs1.625-1.675Tourmaline
Smoky Quartz2.657.0 Mohs1.540 - 1.550Quartz
Spessartine3.50 - 4.306.5 - 7.5 Mohs1.790 - 1.810Garnet
Spinel3.58 - 4.068.0 Mohs1.712 - 1.717Spinel
Sunstone2.55 - 2.766.0 - 6.5 Mohs1.560 - 1.572Feldspar
Topaz3.50 - 3.608.0 Mohs1.607 - 1.627Topaz
Topazolite3.50 - 4.306.5 - 7.5 Mohs1.880 - 1.940Garnet
Tourmaline3.03 - 3.257.0 - 7.5 Mohs1.603 - 1.655Tourmaline
Tsavorite3.50 - 4.306.5 - 7.5 Mohs1.739 - 1.744Garnet
Turquoise2.60 - 2.805.0 - 6.0 Mohs1.610 - 1.650Turquoise
Uvarovite3.50 - 4.306.5 - 7.5 Mohs1.740 - 1.870Garnet
Verdilite3.03 - 3.257.0 - 7.5 Mohs1.612-1.638Tourmaline
Water Opal1.98 - 2.255.5 - 6.5 Mohs1.440 - 1.460Opal
White Opal1.98 - 2.255.5 - 6.5 Mohs1.440 - 1.460Opal
Zircon4.60 - 4.707.5 Mohs1.777 - 1.987Zircon

Tidak ada komentar: